17 de dezembro de 2010

Contribuição para o debate sobre WikiLeaks: o testemunho no Congresso dos EUA de Tom Blanton, director do National Security Archive

Resumo do testemunho prestado perante uma comissão do Congresso dos EUA sobre WikiLeaks por Tom Blanton, director do National Security Archive da Universidade de Georgetown (entidade de meritória actividade mas até aqui "condenada" a revelar documentos classificados só 30 anos depois e muitas vezes com rasuras).

«Washington, DC, December 16, 2010 - Efforts to tighten the secrecy system and crackdown on leakers and the media will be "fundamentally self-defeating," according to
Thomas Blanton, executive director of the National Security Archive, who
testified today before the House Committee on the Judiciary. During the first Congressional hearing in the aftermath of "Cablegate" and the Wikileaks release of State Department documents, Blanton urged that lawmakers take a reasoned view of the issues raised by the leaks and not to "overreact."  
"There is more heat than light," Blanton stated, citing calls for broadening the Espionage Act and assassinating Wikileaks leader, Julian Assange. Hasty punitive reactions, he predicted, "will actually produce more leaks, more crackdowns, less accountable government, and diminished security."
"History shows we end up doing more damage from the overreaction than from the original leak," according to Blanton.
Blanton reminded lawmakers that the Nixon administration had once considered firebombing the Brookings Institution building to destroy a copy of the Pentagon Papers, and that President Gerald Ford had vetoed the Freedom of Information Act in reaction to government leaks--only to be overruled by the U.S. Congress.
"The real danger of 'Wikimania' is that that we could revert to Cold War notions of secrecy, to the kind of stovepipes and compartments that left us blind before 9/11," Blanton said. He called on lawmakers to protect the First Amendment, rather than adopt  a "Chinese model of state control" of information.
"Those voices who argue for a crackdown on leakers and publishers need to face the reality that their approach is fundamentally self-defeating because it will increase government secrecy, reduce our security, and actually encourage more leaks from the continued legitmacy crisis of the classification system," Blanton concluded.

Blanton's testimony
(link para o testemunho integral)